Trains in the United Kingdom (Great Britain) are easy to navigate with Trainline, especially if you're coming from abroad. The UK proudly boasts the oldest railway network in the world, however, its trains are also some of the most modern and efficient, which is great news if you're planning on exploring this great nation by rail.
The UK train network may seem a little complex if you're visiting for the first time. First, let us break down how the network works, and the different types of trains you can travel on in a bit more detail. You can also check out our interactive Scotland Rail Map and Wales Rail Map to view the most popular routes in Scotland and Wales.
In the UK, the train network is run by National Rail. All train companies in Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) operate under the guidance of National Rail who are primarily responsible for the administration of passenger bookings. National Rail was formed following the privatisation of the British Rail network in 1996, when the network split into 25 separate operating franchises to run trains across the country.
Network Rail is a separate organization that oversees and maintains all rail infrastructure in the UK, from train tracks to major stations, and is also responsible for timetables and logistics to make sure everything runs smoothly.
There are currently 28 national train companies that operate within the UK. Although this may seem confusing for visitors to the UK, finding the right train to get on is pretty simple.
So you don’t get confused, we recommend that you focus on the route you want to travel on rather than the train company to travel with if you are unsure. If you do prefer to travel with a particular train company, check out this UK train map to help you work out which companies operate the main routes across Great Britain.
The main differences between train operating companies in the UK is the type of trains and onboard services. Some bigger train companies such as Avanti West Coast (formerly Virgin Trains) and GWR have newer trains, and a full-service First Class section with WiFi and at-seat food and drink services on some of the more popular or longer routes like London to Edinburgh, whilst smaller commuter services like Thameslink have Standard and First Class sections, but only offer basic onboard services.
To find out about all the different train operating companies who keep all the wheels on track in the UK, visit our train companies page.
Many of the major cities in the UK are connected by high-speed train routes, so there's no need to travel by plane. The UK's high-speed trains whisk you through the countryside from city centre to city centre in speed and style, saving you the hassle of getting to and from the airport, queuing at passport control, and paying for those average, over-priced sandwiches in the terminal.
Trains that run along the HS1 (High Speed 1) line like the Eurostar from London to Paris, and the Southeastern services from London to Ashford International, run at speeds of up to 186 mph - that's about 300 km/h! The rest of the high-speed lines across the UK race along at speeds of up to 125 mph (around 200 km/h). Sure, this isn’t as fast as a plane, but taking the train is a great option if you plan on visiting the great cities the UK has to offer. You’ll get to see some awesome views out the window without the chance of turbulence.
If you're a night owl or want to save some time by travelling by night, then a sleeper train could be just the ticket. Sleeper trains are usually equipped with beds, washbasins, towels and air-conditioning, and have several travel classes onboard depending on your budget and requirements.
One of the most popular sleeper trains in the UK is the Caledonian Sleeper, which runs an overnight service from London to Edinburgh, and also up to Aberdeen and Inverness (in Scotland). To search for Caledonian Sleeper services, check out our Sleepers Search page.
The are other options for sleeper trains in the UK, such as the Night Riviera train from London to Penzance in Cornwall, however you can only book regular train services (non-sleepers) with us, which can usually get you there quicker than most of the overnight services.
If you're flying in or out of some of the major cities in the UK, the great news is that most of the major airports have train stations inside or near the terminals to whisk you away to the city centre in comfort, so you won't need to worry about getting stuck in a traffic jam.
For those arriving into London, chances are you're going to land at Heathrow or Gatwick Airport. The fastest way to get from Heathrow is by taking the Heathrow Express train, which will take you from the airport to London Paddington Station in as little as 15 minutes. Five out of the six airports in London have airports inside the terminals, except for Luton Airport which is a short bus transfer away from Luton Airport Parkway station. Other popular airports including Manchester Airport and Edinburgh Airport also have direct train services to the city centre.
If time isn't a factor, or you’re a penny pincher travelling on a budget, we can take you where you want to go by bus instead. There's an extensive bus and coach network in the UK which makes reaching the most remote and unique locations possible, and we’ve partnered with the UK’s largest bus/coach operator National Express to take you there.
Buses in the UK are usually cheaper than trains, but the journey time can be a little longer. As well as being an affordable option for travellers, most bus companies in the UK come equipped with all the modern onboard facilities that make bus journeys comfortable and hassle-free.
If you’re keen to explore your options, search for UK bus tickets here.
There are lots of different types of train tickets available in the UK, and it can be confusing to know which ones to buy, even for the locals. We've tried to make it as easy to understand as possible by filtering out the noise and leaving you with only clear, understandable information about how to get the best prices.
|Advance train tickets||
If you know your exact travel dates, book Advance tickets ahead of schedule to reserve your seat.
Learn more about Advance train tickets.
|Anytime train tickets||
Offers complete flexibility. Catch any applicable train at a time that suits you, although seats cannot be reserved and are not guaranteed.
Learn more about Anytime train tickets.
|Off-Peak train tickets||
Travel at less busy times and benefit from reduced fares.
Read more on Off-Peak train tickets.
|Super Off-Peak train tickets||Like Off-Peak tickets but only available at the very quietest times of the day. Prices tend to be cheaper too.|
Less of a ticket type, more of a discount. Activate GroupSave by buying train tickets for a group of three to nine people.
Learn more about GroupSave train tickets.
If you've got flexible travel plans, then travelling by train in Off-Peak times may save you some money. The main difference between Peak and Off-Peak tickets are all about what time(s) during the day you travel. Peak times vary from train operator to train operator but generally, they tend to be in the mornings and late afternoon times during busy commuting times on weekdays. Off-Peak tickets can usually be found outside of these times, such as in the middle of the day or later at night on weekdays, and on weekends and public holidays (known as bank holidays in the UK).
For more information, check out our Off-Peak train times and tickets page.
If you're a nomad who doesn't like to be tied down by exact travel dates and times, you can purchase flexible tickets to allow you to travel at any point of the day. In the UK they are normally called Anytime tickets (either Anytime Day or Standard Anytime). You can get flexible tickets for travel on a certain date or ones that cover travel for multiple dates. They're usually a tad more expensive than fixed time tickets because they allow you to travel during Peak times.
If you book a flexible ticket and travel on a train without a reserved seat, make sure the seat you pick hasn’t been reserved by another passenger (as noted by a digital display above the window, or a printed paper reserved ticket attached to the chair).
For more details, visit our dedicated page to flexible train tickets.
Like with airline travel, you have the option to book either one-way or a return ticket. If you're travelling out of town for a day trip, or you're returning to the same destination within a month by train, you can usually buy a ticket that is cheaper than two single one-way trips by selecting the return option. Selecting the Day Return (Anytime Day Return, Off-Peak Day Return etc.) option will allow you to take a trip to and from the same destinations in the same day, or a standard Return (Anytime Return, Off-Peak Return etc.) will normally allow you to travel back on your return journey within one calendar month of the date shown on your ticket.
Find out about Return train tickets in the UK.
If you're looking for the most affordable train travel options, a standard ticket could be what you're after. Alternatively, if you're coming to the UK for a well-earned break, you can treat yourself and upgrade to a First Class ticket. Most train companies in the UK offer First Class tickets that come with bigger tables and extra legroom, with some including a meal and free WiFi access. First Class facilities depend on the route and the train company you're travelling with and are sometimes subject to availability.
In train stations in the many big cities in the UK, you'll find convenient bus, tram and subway connections to get you to your hotel or to catch another train if you're only passing through.
In London for instance, if you need to connect to the subway system (known as London Underground, or "The Tube"), you can to buy a Visitor Oyster Card online here or at a staffed station when you arrive.
Whether you're going from London to Edinburgh by train or trying to get to an airport from a city centre, we'll show you live train times and schedules 12 weeks in advance for any National Rail journey in the UK, all in real time.
By downloading our app, not only do you have your tickets in the palm of your hand, you also get access to live train times. If everything is running smoothly with your train, or it's delayed for some reason, you'll be the first to know. What's more – app users get platform information before those waiting by the departure boards.
If you don't have our app, you'll find electronic departure boards in most stations' entrance halls, showing live updates, train times and platform information. All travel information will also be announced on a tannoy (loudspeaker) system in English.
Buying your UK train tickets online or on our app is the quickest way to get onboard. To speed up the process we've also got Mobile Ticket and eticket options, or have a look at the other collection methods below.
If you've decided where and when you're going, it's time to make your purchase. There are four different ways available for you to book train tickets in the UK.
If you already know where you're going, you're only a few steps away from securing your ticket. Buying online with us is a great way of looking at Advance ticket options and train times picking up travel tips along the way. Start your search.
Using our app to book your tickets means you've got more control over your train travel. Signing up is simple and we highlight the best prices for train tickets as well as platform information, quicker than at the station.
In the UK you still have the choice of buying printed "paper tickets" from a machine at the station. You'll have to queue, pay on-the-day prices (in many cases more expensive), and you won't be able to see or purchase Advance tickets.
In some rural and quiet areas of the UK, there won't be ticket machines. Trains in these parts of Britain will travel with a conductor who'll be able to sell you a ticket as well as answer any questions you may have about your journey.
Booked your tickets? Well, you're nearly good to go. There are several options for you to pick up them and they're all quick and easy.
Carry your tickets around with you. etickets are fast and secure – simply store the PDF (portable document format) on your phone and portable device or print at home.
Skip the queues at the machine and get your ticket straight in Trainline app. Simply scan the barcode at the gates and you're good to go. (Not available at all stations)
Discover Mobile Tickets.
Print a paper ticket at the ticket machine at the station using a unique collection code. You'll need to bring the credit or debit card you used to pay with you to collect the tickets.
If you fancy a souvenir to hold on to, get your printed tickets posted to you. No matter where you are in the world, they'll be delivered straight to your door. (Additional postage fees apply)
Train tickets in the UK usually go on sale 3 months before the date of travel. Look out for Advance tickets, as these tend to be cheaper when they're first released. Be quick though, as they sell out on busier routes.
Find out more about our Advance ticket alert tool.
When travelling by train in the UK, you can benefit from reduced fares by choosing times of day that are less busy. When searching for tickets with us, we'll display all available tickets and options, highlighting the cheapest ones.
Learn more about Off-Peak train times.
Our clever little Price Prediction tool will peek into the future and let you know when ticket prices are about to rise – meaning you'll never miss out on the best value fares. Beat the rush and save on price too. (Currently available in the UK app only)
Discover the magic of Price Prediction.
They're types of train discount cards you can buy for £30 for unlimited use. You can get up to a 1/3 off the price of Off-Peak train tickets when using a Railcard. From kids to elderly people, there are great discounts out there to be had.
Find out more about Railcards.
GroupSave is a concession that allows any group of 3 - 9 passengers travelling together up to a 34% discount on Off-Peak tickets on selected routes.
Great for families and groups of friends, you can find this option in the Railcards drop-down menu when booking your train tickets.
Investing in a BritRail Pass can be a great way of taking your time and travelling at your own pace. By buying a BritRail pass, it could prove to be money well spent too. They start at £116* for three days use and give you an affordable and flexible way to explore the UK. If you're planning on visiting more than one country in the UK during your trip, a BritRail Pass might be better than buying individual tickets.
*Pricing correct as of August 2020 and are subject to change without notice. All post-sale care and communications will be with the third party booking company.
There are loads of amazing places you can visit by train in Great Britain, and the interconnected rail network makes travelling cross-country quick and easy. To find some inspiration on where to go, check out these country highlights below.
London to Manchester / Oxford to Birmingham
Discover the length and breadth of England. From coastal counties such as Cornwall and Devon, to cosmopolitan hotspots like London and Liverpool, to the many Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) that reside up and down the nation, see all England has to offer by rail.
Discover trains in England.
Glasgow to Edinburgh / Inverness to Aberdeen
Explore the land of bagpipes, Braveheart, whisky and tartan by train. From crossing the epic Firth of Forth bridge to jumping on the magical Harry Potter train, Scotland's beauty can be seen from the comfort of your cabin. Benefit from smooth cross-country connections like Edinburgh to London in just 4 hours, or check out our Scotland rail map for more popular routes.
Discover trains in Scotland.
Cardiff to Swansea / Newport to Bangor
Feel the pride of a nation by taking inspiring train journeys in Wales. Whether you're into rugby, nature or castles, Wales has something on offer for everyone. From Cardiff, the capital and most diverse city, to the small towns and villages that make up Wales, go by train to get the most of this gem of a country.
Rail and Sail (trains to Ireland)
If you're off to anywhere in Ireland for a short city break or you just want to know why the Irish have all the luck, we'll find the best way get you there by land and sea. Take the scenic route and join up your train journey with the ferry to Dublin or Belfast with Rail and Sail package today.
Find out more about Rail & Sail.
If you're travelling from abroad, don't just stick to the London bubble – To find the true beauty of Great Britain, you need to get out and explore! Check out these incredible UK destinations you can reach by train.
If you haven't already learnt enough, we've added these extra handy tips and FAQs to make your life just that little bit sweeter.
As we've mentioned before, it all depends on what your travel plans look like. If you're in the UK and only want to go from say, London to Bath and back again, then a return ticket could be the best option. If you're here for a while and want to see as many cities and countries as you can, then getting a UK train pass, known as the BritRail Pass may be your best bet.
You don't need a passport if you're travelling between England, Scotland and Wales by train, but it's always advisable to carry it around with you as a form of identification. If you're catching the Eurostar train over to France and beyond, then you'll definitely need your passport.
On longer or more popular routes, you can usually reserve a seat if you book a ticket for a fixed time and request a seat allocation when you book. You can't choose your exact seat like you can when booking a plane ticket, but you can request services like an aisle or window seat, forward or rear-facing seat, a seat in the quiet carriage, a table seat, or a seat near a toilet. Please note that these services are requested, but can never be guaranteed. If a seat booking is available, you will see it in your basket on the payment screen on our site I.e. Coach B, seat 48 (Window).
If you book a flexible ticket, you may be given the option to reserve a seat and travel time for your outbound journey, but you won't be guaranteed a reserved seat if you don't travel on the train you've booked the ticket for. Many trains have unreserved sections allocated, so you'll need to board the train and walk through the carriages to look for a seat without a printed ticket slip (usually found attached to the headrest). Some seats may only be reserved for a smaller portion of the journey, so if there's a printed slip on the seat and nobody is sitting in it, you maybe be able to sit there for some of the journey if the passenger is getting on at a later stop.
Children under the age of five can travel for free with a fare-paying adult however it doesn’t always mean they're guaranteed a seat. On busy trains, infants may have to travel on the lap of the adult to make room for other passengers. For 5-15 year old's, there are half-priced tickets available on selected routes but a proof of age may be required when you travel. Be sure to select the "child" option in the journey planner when you're booking.
You can travel with three items of luggage per person on most UK trains. This usually means you can take two suitcases and a piece of hand luggage. Additional articles such as surfboards and bicycles may be taken for a fee and are subject to space availability. For peace of mind, it's best to contact the train company ahead to make sure you can travel with these extra items.
Yes. In some major UK train stations there are places where you can store your luggage. While some smaller stations don't have this facility, to find out which stations have luggage storage facilities, visit our UK train stations page.
You can only break your journey provided you haven't bought an Advance ticket. If you're going from say, Glasgow to Mallaig, one of your calling points would be Fort William. At this station, or any others along the way, you'd be free to get off and explore for a few hours. After that, simply hop on the next available train and continue on your way.
For more information visit the National Rail Conditions of Travel page.
Ever found yourself scrambling for a last-minute train ticket and wondered if you’re paying over the odds? Well, worry not! With our nifty money-saving tools there’s no need to fret about ticket prices, even if it’s at the last possible moment. Use our Journey Planner to search for tickets, and we’ll always highlight the cheapest fares for the time you’ve selected. Alternatively, with the Trainline app, you can save money right up the last second by using our advance purchase on the day feature.
Learn more about last-minute train tickets.
A major advantage of visiting the UK is that you're within easy reach of other parts of Europe by train. Fancy a spur of the moment day trip to Amsterdam or to watch the closing stages of the Tour de France in Paris? Discover trains in Europe.