Travelling by train in the Netherlands allows you to explore some of the most fantastic countryside and scenery in Europe. Home to plenty of spectacular architecture and vibrant, welcoming cities (none more so than Amsterdam), the Netherlands is definitely worth a visit if you haven't already been. From the diversity and attractions of Amsterdam to the more relaxed pace of Maastricht, there are plenty of things to see and do in this wonderful country, and travelling by train is a great way to see it all!
Using our Netherlands train map, you can plan your journey around the Dutch cities and regions to create the perfect break. A relatively small country, the comprehensive Dutch rail network means travelling between the cities and neighbouring countries is an incredibly easy and hassle-free experience. Don't believe us? Why not book a ticket and try it for yourself!
Thanks to the Dutch high-speed rail network, travel times between the major cities are relatively short. Choose some of the popular routes below to buy tickets and see journey times.
The Netherlands is packed with unmissable attractions. From the famous tulip-laden fields and windmills to the sights and sounds of major cities like Amsterdam, you'll never be bored during your trip. If you're not quite sure where to go, or you want a short excursion from Amsterdam but haven't decided where to, then check out our guide below.
The capital of the Netherlands, Amsterdam is one of the most popular cities to visit in Europe. Famous for its canals, unique layout and quirky districts, Amsterdam is perfect for city breaks for all. Travelling into Amsterdam Centraal station, you'll arrive at the northern tip of the city centre, with the majority of attractions to your south.
Catch a train to the east of the city and visit the ARTIS Amsterdam Royal Zoo. Get up close and personal with some of the most fascinating animals from across the world, and enjoy a great family day out. The zoo is easily accessible from the city centre, just a short tram ride away from Amsterdam Centraal station. While it may not be to everyone's taste, the Red Light District in Amsterdam is one of the cities most popular tourist attractions. With museums and shows on every corner, it blends both intrigue and bizarre into a memorable experience.
Throughout Amsterdam, you can visit the museums of some of their most famous residents. Step foot inside the Van Gogh Museum found in the Museumkwartier district in the south of the city. Here you will find the largest collection of Van Gogh paintings, as well as drawing and personal artefacts. Another popular landmark is Anne Frank’s house. The site where the young World War Two diarist hid from the Nazis, this has become a poignant and must-see attraction in the city.
The second largest city in the Netherlands after Amsterdam, Rotterdam has a rich history of its own. Known for its maritime strength, Rotterdam has the largest port in Europe, making it essential for trade and transportation with the rest of the world.
Rotterdam is also the home to Erasmus University. Recognised as a top 100 university in the world, Erasmus University is also arguably the most popular education centre in the Netherlands and is a popular attraction for those visiting the city. The city of Rotterdam is also passionate about its sport, especially football. There are two teams that play in the country’s top league, the Eredivisie – Feyenoord and Excelsior. So if you find yourself in the city on match weekend, why not go along!
The city centre of Rotterdam is also very unique, with a number of skyscrapers dominating the skyline. With Rotterdam devastated by German bombing during World War Two, it meant that much of the city had to be rebuilt. This allowed modern architecture to create a new, modern skyline for the city.
Known as Den Haag to the locals, The Hague is the political centre for the Netherlands. While constitutionally the capital city is Amsterdam, The Hague is where the Dutch governments sit, as well as the royal family of the Netherlands. This also makes it a very cultural city to visit, with plenty of attractions and tours for visitors.
Found on the outskirts of the city centre, the Peace Palace is home to the International Court of Justice, the highest court for the United Nations. A popular tourist attraction, you can walk the palace grounds and immerse yourself in one of the most important buildings in political law.
A great attraction for all the family is to visit Madurrodam. A miniature park found in the northern part of the city, the park recreates cities and famous Dutch landmarks in miniature form, creating a new point of view for all to see. You can also visit the beach when in The Hague. Scheveningen Beach runs along the coastal edge of the city and is very popular during the summer months.
Situated in the very centre of the Netherlands, Utrecht is something of a hidden gem within the country. With a similar layout to Amsterdam, with the city shaped around the canals, Utrecht provides visitors with quieter and more peaceful surroundings. Utrecht is known within the Netherlands as it’s religious centre and was for a large portion of its history the most popular city in the country.
With the city’s central location within the Netherlands, it has become a major transport hub, with Utrecht Centraal the busiest and largest station in the country. Along with boasting the largest train station, Utrecht is also home to the national railway museum, which as of 2013, was in the top 10 most visited museums in the country.
The best way to take in the sights of Utrecht is from above, and you can do that by climbing the Dom Tower Utrecht. The church tower has a daunting 465 steps leading to the top, but once there, you get panoramic views of the city, making the tough climb worth it! From the tower, you may be able to sport the Utrecht University Botanical Gardens, and that is worth a visit by itself. Take in the calmness of the surroundings - travel the world and discover the different plantlife from across the globe. If you need time to enjoy some peace and quiet, this is a fantastic place to visit.
Situated in the southeast corner of the country, wedged between Belgium and Germany, Maastricht has still become a very popular and well-visited town in the Netherlands. Maastricht has 1677 national heritage sites, second only to Amsterdam in the Netherlands. Famous for its narrow streets and historical buildings, Maastricht is also the birthplace of the Euro currency, which was part of the Maastricht Treaty signed in 1992.
Maastricht is also home to a number of large cathedrals and churches, including the Basilica of Saint Servatius. Situated off of the main city square, the church holds many important religious artefacts, drawing in thousands of pilgrims a year to visit the church.
As well as this, Maastricht is also known for its festivals and music events. Composer Andre Rieu is a native of the city and holds yearly concerts with his world famous Johann Strauss Orchestra. These musical events take place in Vrijthof square, Maastricht’s largest and most popular town square.
Buying train tickets in the Netherlands is a quick and easy process. In most cases, Dutch train ticket prices come at a single flat rate, regardless of journey or time.
If you're going to be buying train tickets in the Netherlands, the whole process couldn't be easier! As we mentioned, NS train tickets operate at a flat-rate, with the price determined by the length of the journey. So there's no need to panic if you haven't bought a ticket until a week before you travel, as the prices will remain the same. There is, however, a price difference between the First and Second Classes. If you're making a long train trip in the Netherlands, then upgrading to First Class may be worthwhile. You'll get extra comfort at a pretty reasonable price!
If you're travelling with a child under 12, they'll be able to travel for free. This is perfect for families making single trips between cities and can be very cost-effective compared to travelling by rental car. If you want more information on NS tickets, you can visit our NS trains page for more information.
To see as much of the country as possible, it may be a good idea to buy a Rail Pass. With one, you can take as many trains as you like within a set number of days, depending on the length of the pass you buy.
For EU residents, the Interrail Pass is the recommended choice. A One Country Pass allows you to travel across the Netherlands, taking as many trains as you like on just one ticket. If you're from outside of the EU, then a Eurail Pass is what you need. Using a rail pass in the Netherlands gives you great freedom to choose where you travel to on any given day, making spontaneous trips to a new city a very real possibility!
The train network in the Netherlands is run by the state-owned Nederlandse Spoorwegen (NS). NS trains operate local, national and international routes. All NS trains come with First Class and Second Class carriages, disabled passenger access and bicycle storage. What’s more, many NS trains also feature artwork onboard, creating a unique atmosphere for passengers.
The high-speed, international train service in the Netherlands, NS International provides passengers with long-distance train services into Germany, Switzerland, Belgium and France. Using ICE (Intercity Express) trains to Germany and Thalys trains to Belgium and Switzerland, NS International routes take passengers to and from the most popular cities in Western Europe. NS Intercity trains also provide routes into Belgium. Meaning you can take day trips between the countries with relative ease. All trains travelling under the NS International group come with First and Second Class carriages, a food carriage to buy hot and cold food and drink and bicycle storage facilities.
The NS Intercity train provides passengers with medium and long distance journeys, with minimal stops throughout. All Intercity trains come with a quiet carriage, perfect for passengers looking for some quiet rest or to concentrate on their work. On some of the newer NS Intercity trains, the double-decker trains provide even more space for passengers to relax. Intercity trains all come with First and Second Class carriages, onboard WiFi and plenty of room for bicycles.
The commuter service of the NS train fleet, NS Sprinter trains provide short, quick journeys for regional passengers. Used primarily during peak hours, NS Sprinter trains still provide an essential service for passengers living on the outskirts of the cities with a reliable and alternative route into the centre without the need to drive. Not all Sprinter trains come with onboard toilets. However new Sprinter trains on order will have them as standard. Due to Sprinter trains being equipped for short journeys, WiFi is also not available on these journeys.
Whilst NS is the main train operating company in the Netherlands, you can also find trains from neighbouring countries offering routes in and out of the country. Belgian rail company SNCB provides routes to Amsterdam, as do French-Belgian owned Thalys, offering routes as far as Paris. Also, you can travel to Amsterdam from London, using the Eurostar train.
Travelling between cities in the Netherlands is an enjoyable experience, with new sights and cultures to discover everywhere you go. The major stations themselves also have their own unique identities, and you can find out more about them here along with what other attractions are nearby.
A major transport hub in the city of Amsterdam, and the second busiest train station in the Netherlands, Amsterdam Centraal provides regional, national and international services to the city. Opened in 1889, Amsterdam Centraal has grown to become an important hub for tourists and commuters alike. With 11 platforms serving the station, featuring trains from as far as London, Berlin and Paris, Amsterdam Centraal is pivotal to international travel to the Netherlands.
With a number of shops, cafes and restaurants inside the station itself, you won't be short of ways to pass the time whilst waiting for your train. Should you need somewhere to drop your luggage off, Amsterdam Centraal has luggage storage on site, meaning you can travel the city luggage-free before your hotel opens. Amsterdam Centraal is well connected with public transport - you can connect to the Metro at the station, and there are numerous tram and bus stops nearby to help with your travel around the city.
The largest and busiest station in the Netherlands, Utrecht Centraal is also the headquarters for Nederlandse Spoorwegen themselves. Thanks to the central location within the Netherlands, Utrecht Centraal has grown to become the major rail transport station in the country, with 16 platforms serving the station. First opened in 1843, Utrecht Centraal underwent major reconstruction between 2008 and 2016, helping to make the station more suitable for the ever-increasing passenger numbers.
Due to the high number of cyclists in the city, you'll find the world’s largest bicycle parking station next to Utrecht Centraal. If you're planning to travel around Utrecht by bicycle, there's a strong chance you'll be able to hire one from here! Bus and tram services also call at the station, providing excellent public transport services for the surrounding areas. Utrecht Centraal is situated in the centre of the city, so many of the local attractions are also accessible by foot.
Found in the very centre of the city, Rotterdam Centraal has become one of the busiest train stations in the Netherlands, with over 100,00 passengers travelling through the station every day. Rotterdam Centraal was completely rebuilt and reopened in 2014, with major renovations to the exterior and interior to the station.
There are 13 platforms at the station with trains taking passengers to all corners of the Netherlands, including Amsterdam, Utrecht and The Hague. You can also travel to Rotterdam internationally, including services from Brussels, Paris and London. Rotterdam Centraal is also well connected locally, with a large number of bus and tram services calling at the station, making moving around Rotterdam very easy.
The largest railway station in The Hague, Den Haag Centraal provides a number of services for tourists and commuters into the heart of the political and business centre of the Netherlands. Den Haag Centraal is also the largest terminal train station in the country, with 12 platforms at the station. There are no international routes that travel to Den Haag Centraal, with the station instead providing a large number of services connecting the major cities of the Netherlands.
Trains to Den Haag Centraal include services from Amsterdam, Utrecht, Rotterdam, and Groningen. Local transport from Den Haag Centraal is in good supply. There are two levels of platforms for the local tram routes, as well as an underground metro system, making travel within the city very easy.
Located in the south-west of the Netherlands, Maastricht Railway station provides a number of local services to and from the city, with trains to Amsterdam, Utrecht and Eindhoven. There are also train services from Belgium, with SNCB providing routes on the Liege-Maastricht line.
It is also one of the oldest train stations in the Netherlands, having opened in 1853, and it has gone on to become one of the major transport hubs for the city. If you're travelling around Maastricht, then the railway station also has many bus services that travel around the city centre and the surrounding areas.